(Only those questions different from set I have been answered here)
Q1. What is meant by economic justice? (2 marks)
Ans. Economic justice means that the resources of the country should be distributed in a just manner and should be utilized for the benefit of the maximum number of people. The wealth of the country and the means of production should not be concentrated in a few hands. The kimportant elements of Economic Justice are – a decent living wage, public assistance in certain cases, equal pay for equal work and right to property (with its limitations).
Q3. What do you understand by class struggle”? (2 marks)
Ans. The history of all hitherto existing soceities, according to marx, is the history of class struggle. He points out that at every stage of history, mankind is divided into two classes the exploiters and the exploited. The interests of both these classes are hostile to each other. The owners of the means of production exploit the labour of the workers for some period but very soon the means of production undergo a revolutionary change. New inventions are made, improved technology is introduced and the existing production relations are rendered unsuitable. The exploited class is hard pressed, the class struggle is intensified, a revolution takes place and a new social order with a more equitable relations among the people is established.
Q8. Name any two agencies that influence in the formation of public opinion. (2 marks)
Ans. There are fomal and informal processes in a society which mould public opinion. (a) Press : Newspapers with their daily dissemination of news, facts and information, together with editorial comments, views of analysts and experts, leaders and readers, provide a daily diet for the formation of public opinion.
(b) Political Parties: Since parties are interested in capturing political power, they focus attention on all the major issues and problems faced by the citizens, the society and the state. They seek to rally people to their side by canvassing their point of view, encouraging them for popular action, motivating them for greater involvement in public affairs and mobilising them for political and electoral participation.