Archive for the ‘Geography’ Category

Geography-2000-Set I

Q1) “India is neither a pigmy nor a giant”. Elaborate this statement by giving three suitable examples. (Marks 3)
Ans1) India is one of the largest countries of the world. It occupies about 3.2 million square kilometer of area which is equal to Europe excluding former U.S.S.R. countries. Still India occupies seventh position amongst the largest countries of the world. There are six countries bigger than India which proves India is not a ‘Giant’. It is nor a ‘Pigmy’ as it is four times bigger than Pakistan, six times bigger than France, nine times bigger than Germany and twenty three times bigger than Bangladesh. All this proves ‘India is neither a pigmy nor a Giant’.

Q2) Where is the Bhabhar land situated in India? Write its two characteristics. (Marks 3)
Ans2) Bhabhar land is a pebble studded porous region situated at the foot of the Siwaliks. Its two characteristics are:-
1) Being Porous in nature, this region is characterised by disappearance of streams.
2) The width of this region varies from 8 to 16 km.

Q3) Write three differences between the regions of the first order and the regions of the second order? (Marks 1×3)
Ans3) Regions of first order are of larger size and have broad uniformity whereas second order regions are the further sub-divisions of the first order region and are smaller in size than the first order region.
Regions of first order are mainly based on broad features like relief, climate, natural vegetation etc whereas region of second order are based on differences within first order region (at micro level).
Regions of First order are clearly differentiated from the neighbouring regions whereas regions of second order could be transitional zones between two neighbouring regions.

Geography-2000-Set II

Q1) “India is a sub continent” support this statement by giving three important reasons.
Ans1) Any area which could be distinguished from the rest on the basis of its physical or cultural attributes is called a subcontinent. India is called a subcontinent because -
1) It is a land of various religions which are different from the ones that prevail in rest of Asia.
2) It has variety of relief like Mountain, plains and plateaus
3) It has great geographical extent and is the seventh largest country of the world.

Q2) What is Delta? Give four examples from India.
Ans2) A Delta is a triangular shaped feature formed by the depositional activity of river in its lower course. It is intricately dissected by distributaries and is a very fertile land for cultivation purposes.
Four Deltas of India are Sunderban Delta, Mahanadi Delta, Godavari Delta and Kaveri Delta.

Q5) Explain three differences between Ali and Gali.
Ans5) Ali is a narrow lane where as Gali a broad lane. Ali separates people of same castes Gali separates people of different castes. Ali is within a Mohalla whereas Gali separates Mohallas.

Q6) Why are the scheduled tribes people mainly concentrated in the forest and hilly areas? Give three reasons for the same.
Ans6) Scheduled tribe people are concentrated in the forest and hilly areas because of following factors.
1) They live a life of isolation from the main streams because of historical factors.
2) Their culture is a lot different from that of the mainstream and they do not want to intermingle with the outside world.
3) They are generally food gathering and hunters and very rarely do they practice sedentary agriculture. Therefore they prefer to line in Hills and forests.